Home

AMD fan control

Processor Cooling Solutions Wraith Coolers AMD

  1. The AMD Wraith cooler fan pushes up to 55.78 CFM of airflow. The AMD D3 cooler, which the Wraith Cooler has replaced on certain CPUs, has a fan with a maximum airflow of 41.6 CFM. This means the AMD Wraith Cooler can push 34% more airflow than its predecessor. WTH-
  2. Fan Control in AMD Radeon Pro Settings is a feature that will allow the users to increase or adjust the fan speed of one or more GPUs in the system when faced with thermal constraints to avoid issues like thermal-throttling and Improv
  3. This is Fan only control program for AMD Graphic cards Main reason i've made this because i i wasn't satisfied with CPU usage by other programs i tested: MSI Afterburner, Gigabyte Extreme etc. Most modern cards are supported, also MultiGPU configs (max 6 GPUs). Supported GPUs:-most modern GPUs up to RX500 Requirements: System Windows 7 or newe
  4. As good as the AMD Radeon RX 5700 may be, it isn't perfect. One area that needs some improvement is the fan curve to prevent it slowly heating up while idling. Fortunately, there's an easy fix
  5. e what kind of CPU you have and what kind of connector (3-pin, 4-pin, etc.) it uses. The easiest way to control your cooling fan is via BIOS. Choose a fan type ( DC or PWM ), set a mode, and/or set a temperature threshold. Speedfan is a popular third-party software option for controlling your CPU
  6. 5X7 Die Cut Full Color Digital Decals. 1 sheet of 6 stickers, custom shaped. Chrome Poly accents wit
  7. the AMD Ryzen Wraith Prism RGB lighting control software, powered by Cooler Master. AMD Ryzen Wraith Prism RGB lighting control software. Revision Number File Size OS; v1.18: 34 MB: Windows 10 64-bit: Downloa

Catalyst Control Center™ Fan speed control. This release of the ATI software driver version 8.54 introduces the ability for users to control the speed of the GPU fan when running in accelerated graphics The EasyTune 5 feature we're most concerned about here is the Smart-Fan control. This feature gives you direct control over your CPU cooler's fan. With the Easy Mode, you can configure this feature with ease. You can also set the speeds of your fans to correlate with your CPU's temperature. Just keep in mind that you don't want to set a threshold that is too high, as doing so could prevent your CPU from getting the airflow it needs to operature correctly Support for AMD Puma CPUs; NoteBook FanControl is a straightforward piece of software whose purpose is to provide you with the means to control your notebook's fan speed

the AMD Ryzen Wraith Max RGB lighting control software, powered by Cooler Master. AMD Ryzen Wraith Max RGB lighting control software. Revision Number File Size OS; v1.00: 8.1 MB: Windows 10 64-bit: Downloa In my case, my CPU fan is the only 4-pin fan in my computer, and my motherboard doesn't support voltage control for my 3-pin fans. So I'm basically done. But I'm going to rename the other fans anyway, and remove sensors that aren't attached to a fan—just so I can keep track of which ones are which

Of course, for fan control, the fan header should always be connected to the CPU fan control header on the motherboard. For color control, however, ONLY the USB wire should be connected to a USB 2.0 header. If the RGB wire is connected, the controller will default to using the RGB control and USB control will be turned off A laptop fan control software also helps in telling us if there is any problem with a laptop fan when it is too noisy. We now know what makes a system turn on its fan. Top 10 Fan Control Software To Use on Windows PC. A few computer fan speed control software are enlisted below, that we need to know about before we take control of the fan speed Control fan speed on Windows 10 with HWiNFo. Follow these steps to control the fan speed using HWiNFo. Run the app and click Sensors on the main window. Confirm the pop-up message. A new window will open listing the various sensors on your system. At the bottom there is a fan button. Click it

OVERCLOCKING TOOLS Exploring and exceeding the limits of your graphics card might sound scary, but it's actually easier than you think. MSI Afterburner Overclocking tools provide easy and precise access to your graphics card settings. While increasing your GPU's clock frequency and voltage, the fan speed control will enable you to find the perfect balance between performance and temperature [HELP!!!]AMD Ryzen 7 3750H fan turns on constantly at rest even when surfing the internet I bought the HP Pavilion Gaming 15 - 15 ec0010nw model withi ryzen 7, 32 bg ram, 1660ti and two ssd disks From time to time, the fan CPU start by itself, even at rest or in small actions.I work around a few mimnut, even 10 The included Active Fan Control allows you to choose from multiple fan profiles so that you can balance fan noise and computer performance. You also get real-time information on health status, temperature, RAM, and CPU and GPU speeds and resource allocation for Zotac graphics cards ASUS Fan Xpert, free download. A complete tool for controlling the fans installed on ASUS desktop and laptop PCs with voltage, temperature and fan speed information. Review of ASUS Fan Xpert. Includes tests and PC download for Windows 32 and 64-bit systems Mainboard fan control. Measurement of temperatures. Monitoring and control of system fan speeds. Graphics card monitoring, Fan speed control. For NVIDIA®, ATI®/AMD® and Intel® GPUs. Hard drive monitoring. Hard drive health status. SMART temperature. Hard drive benchmarking. Transfer rate, seek time and random read/write rates for magnetic.

Radeon FanController - tool for AMD GPUs guru3D Forum

AMD Wraith Prismには、3本の配線があります。 1つは、ファンを回転させるためのケーブルで、私のマザーボードには「CPU_FAN」と明記されていました。 この線は、CPUクーラーに直接接続されているし、配線をしないとファンが回らないので接続を忘れることは. In my case, my CPU fan is the only 4-pin fan in my computer, and my motherboard doesn’t support voltage control for my 3-pin fans. So I’m basically done. But I’m going to rename the other fans anyway, and remove sensors that aren’t attached to a fanâ€just so I can keep track of which ones are which AMD Wraith Max RGB LED Lighting Socket AM4 4-Pin Connector CPU Cooler with Copper Core Base & Aluminum Heatsink & 4.13-Inch Fan with Pre-Applied TRONSTORE Thermal Paste for Desktop PC Computer (TS47) 4.5 out of 5 stars 1 amd gpu fan control free download. ht3klcd This is a bash script to get my LCD display working on Linux. It came with the Mstation HT-3000 cas

AMD Releasing New Crimson Drivers for GPU Fan Issue (Update: Released) by Ian Cutress on November 30, 2015 7:00 PM EST. — AMD Radeon Graphics (@AMDRadeon) November 29, 2015. 17-32 of 581 results for 'amd fan control' Skip to main search results Amazon Prime AMD's Wraith and Thermalright's Macho Rev.B achieve almost identical temperatures when the BIOS fan control is left at its default 50 degree Celsius target. The smaller Wraith gets warm more. Download Image. FRYZEN Air CPU Cooler For AMD TR4/AM4, Addressable RGB Top RGB LED Controller AMD's Massive Adrenalin 2020 Edition Update Streamlines EVGA Unveils Trio Of X299 HEDT Motherboards For Intel Core. Image detail for Amd Fan Control : Title: Amd Fan Control Date: August 16, 2019 Size: 66kB Resolution: 1000px x 1000px More Galleries of FRYZEN Air CPU Cooler For AMD TR4/AM4.

Question AMD Wraith Prism CPU cooler not being recognized by Cooler Master software: CPUs: 2: Aug 27, 2020: S: Question 3 different CPU temperature readings from 3 Softwares: CPUs: 1: Jul 16, 2020: Question Asus rog gl503ge 7000rpm ideal state do we have any software which can manually control fan: CPUs: 3: Jul 10, 202 In the video, we demonstrate the below 3 features: 1. Fan Auto tune 2. Adjust fans 3. Definitions in fan controls-----Fan Xpert 4 in AI Suite 3 is used to control all the fans that connect to the motherboard, user can adjust rotating speed of fans to customize the need None of the fan controls worked by default, except for the GPU Fan control. Support for ATI/AMD graphics card was added recently (the fan speed sensor reads 0 RPM because our test video card doesn't report fan speed). Some questionable temperature and fan sensors can be identified immediately (highlighted in the screenshot above) The Advanced Fan Control strategy keeps into consideration the Minimum value and the Maximum value set in this tab. This means that if the computations based on the temperature response curves lead to, say, a PWM value of 30%, but the SPEEDS tab defines 45% as the minimum value for that PWM, 45% will be used instead Set custom fan speed 1. CPU fan speed control with SpeedFan. The go-to app for setting a custom fan speed on Windows 10 is SpeedFan. It's a pretty great app but in some cases your system's fans may not show up in the Fan tab. Download and install the app. On the Readings tab, click the Configure button

Ideally, I would like to utilize the ASUS BIOS only and avoid all ASUS/Corsair software. To use the ASUS fan control BIOS would it be better to connect the two AIO fans to the CPU_FAN and CPU_OPT headers, move the cable for the pump to the AIO_PUMP header? ASUS FanConnect is a feature that ties in to the ASUS Strix GTX 1800 Ti OC GPU The Analog Devices ADM1028 linear fan-control IC has a programmable output and just about every feature that might be needed in fan control, including the ability to interface accurately to the temperature-sensing diode provided on chips, such as microprocessors, that account for most of the dissipation in a system

Video: How to change the fan curve on the AMD Radeon RX 5700 (and

How to Control the CPU Fan on Windows 10 - Lifewir

Hence this is all about the SpeedFan software to control the fan speed on the computer, you can check out more details about the program and also download the software on the official site visit: SpeedFan Software Fan Controller.. 2: Open Hardware Monitor. This is another powerful software to change fan speed Windows 10. It is a free open source program that not only controls fan speeds but. tried the USB and it didn't work, the fan won't spin with just this plugged in. If I plug in the CPU fan, everything works but no control over the colors. If I have them both plugged in, no control over the colors. I don't know why they made this so complicated Fan Control Software solutions don't have the one-size-fits-all instruction manual, but the installation process is almost close to similar for each tool. For example, to install the Android app, you need to visit the Google Play Store, look for CPU Cooler Master, click the install link and the Android OS will do the download and installation.

If you run this fan control program at its optimal level, it can maintain the ideal CPU temperature at 60 C. EasyTune 5 has a smart-fan control feature to manage the fan speed of CPU and North-Bridge Chipset cooling fan. It also monitors system status to verify PC health, provide an overclocking feature to improve the system's performance I just downloaded AMD Overdrive today incase i want to overclock my AMD A10-6800k or even my new GTX 660 SC if possible, either of which not right now. Anyways, i also heard you can change your fans' speeds which i wanted to do right now. I open up Overdrive and go to the Fan Control section.. AMD Ryzen 7 3700X AMD Ryzen 7 3800X AMD Ryzen 9 3900X. It's a remarkably good looking cooler, with unique connection options that include both a 4-pin RGB Header and a USB 2.0 Internal Header cable to enable control of the colours. The LED layout is split into 2 main zones. - The RGB Header cable controls only the fan Hi guys, I recently enter in this new AMD family from an Intel 2500K. Im so happy with my 3700X and all the system is good. I bought an Asus X570 Strix-F and I configured all my fans correctly to make them less noisy and keep the performance, but the PCH fan is still loud (3000 rpm usually with 41 degrees motherboard) and is completly audible without wearing headset A slight problem here is that you will now have to look for the fan settings in the BIOS because the location and title vary with different systems. For instance, it could be called Smart Fan Control (Gigabyte) or Q Fan Control (ASUS). Generally, though, you should be able to find it under the BIOS menus

Fan control GUI for Amd GPU's. Contribute to ojphillips/amd-fan-control development by creating an account on GitHub The heat-factor isn't helped by AMD's lacklustre automatic fan control. Up until now, users have been unable to manually control the speed of their fans. That, however, is no longer the case as a. AMD's overclocking software enables all that and more. Manual Fan Control Laptop. Ryzen Master directly replaces AMD's OverDrive app. That said, Ryzen Master only works with AMD's new AM4 motherboards and Windows 10, so if you have an older AMD processor and motherboard you'll still need to use OverDrive. Preparing to master Ryze Note: Some 3rd party OEM Vega cards such as Asus & Gigabyte O/C Gaming cards have a custom on-board fan controller and VBIOS that deviates from the AMD reference/stock design, as such they are unable to use a SoftPowerPlayTable to control the fan as it's controlled by the VBIOS (Vega cards that follow the AMD Reference/Stock design allow the fan to be controlled by the OS/Driver), as such this. Download SpeedFan for Windows to monitor fan speeds, temperatures, and voltages in computers with hardware monitoring chips. SpeedFan has had 0 updates within the past 6 months

After doing some research and test on my own i've finally found the culprit for fan control issue with MSi Afterburner on AMD GPU. The issue lie within AMD Radeon Software v20.2.1 released on February 3th, 2020. Those versions of AMD Radeon Software doesn't work with MSi Afterburner fan control :. v20.4.2 (April 23th 2020 * * * The AMD Fan LED Header supports LED strips of maximum load of 3A (36W) and length up to 2.5M. * * * * The CPU Fan Connector supports the CPU fan of maximum 1A (12W) fan power. * * * * * The CPU/Water Pump Fan supports the water cooler fan of maximum 2A (24W) fan power PSU üzerinden çalışan fan yok şu an, anakartta 3 adet fan slotu var (1 CPU, 2 system fan) hepsi takılı durumda. Control center Threshold kısmında CPU Fan, System Fan 1, System Fan 2 kaydıraçları var ve sadece System Fan 1'i kontrol edebiliyorum oradan ama malum alarm sesi yüzünden hepsini 0'a çekmem gerekiyor Supports AMD AM4 Socket Ryzen™ 2000, 3000, 4000 G-Series and 5000 Series Desktop Processors; 10 Power Phase Design; Supports DDR4 4066+ (OC); 2 PCIe 4.0 x16, 2 PCIe 4.0 x1, 1 M.2 (Key E) For WiFi; AMD Quad CrossFireX™ and CrossFireX™; Graphics Output Options: HDMI, DisplayPort; 7.1 CH HD Audio (Realtek ALC1200 Audio Codec), ELNA Audio Caps; 8 SATA3, 1 Hyper M.2 (PCIe Gen4 x4 & SATA3), 1.

Copy the fan-control-entity-row.js file to the appropriate folder in your Home Assistant Configuration directory (/config/www/). Place the following in your resources section in your lovelace configuration (updating the localation to where you placed the above file) Fan Speed & Noise. To say that there's a fan curve is an overstatement. More accurately, the fan keeps on spinning at around 1600 RPM until we apply a load, after which it drops back down again

I have a laptop cooling pad when I play game and turn on laptop cooling temperature starts rising to 80 Celsius and there are fps drops too and the fan is not working at its high speed because of cooling pad but when I switch off cooling the fans starts working at high temp reducing temperature and fps drops, therefore I asked If I can use my cooling pad and turn the fans to max while playing. Ingyenes amd catalyst fan control letölt szoftver UpdateStar - 1,746,000 felismert program - 5,228,000 ismert verzi. Managed to get SpeedFan fan speed control working on my Gigabyte GA-Z68X-UD3P-B3 board for the 2 x 4-pin fan headers I have. They are happy controlling my fans. However I have had zero success in this regard with the 3-pin headers Merhabalar. Catalyst Control Center isimli bir program var bilgisayarımda. Geçen gün kurcalarken bir ayara denk geldim. AMD Overdrive yazıyordu. Baktığımda fan hızımın sadece %24 olduğunu gördüm. Masaüstü sıcaklığım da 57 dereceydi. Fan hızımı %100 yapmalı mıyım WHO: Razer, the leading global lifestyle brand for gamers and AMD, manufacturer of high-performance computing, graphics and visualization technologies. WHAT: The AMD Wraith Prism cooler with RGB LED illumination, bundled with new 3 rd Gen AMD Ryzen™ 7 and 9 Desktop Processors, will have full support for Razer Chroma at launch. Taking advantage of Razer's Chroma Connect initiative, the.

Top 5 GPU Overclocking Utilities

AMD's current flagship, Navi-based GPU, the Radeon RX 5700 XT, features a fully-enabled Navi 10 GPU with 40 Compute Units, each with 64 Steam Processors, for a total of 2,560. The AMD Radeon Pro. We like the re-design, and we still have the GUI based fan control and the AMD CBS menus. Software. Software includes APP Center, @BIOS, AutoGreen, Cloud Station, EasyTune, Fast Boot, Game Boost.

Question regarding ASUS ROG STRIX GTX 1080Ti Fan Curve

AMD Fan Stor

Gpu Fan Control free download - DownloadX ActiveX Download Control, Macs Fan Control, Startup Control Panel, and many more program For further information on CPUs exceeding their TDP ratings and how to configure the UEFI BIOS in order to avoid excessively high temperatures, please see this FAQ.. Please also see our general buying guide, motherboard compatibility list and FAQs for further help on how to select the best cooler for your configuration MSI B350 TOMAHAWK gaming motherboard supports AMD® RYZEN Series Processors for socket AM4 and up to DDR4-3200+ We've made sure to include enough fan headers with full control to allow you to cool your system any way you want. 6x fan headers DC/PWM mode Full fan control Watercooling ready. Learn more aboutCooling SpeedFan is a program that monitors voltages, fan speeds and temperatures in computers with hardware monitor chips. SpeedFan can even access S.M.A.R.T. info and show hard disk temperatures.SpeedFan supports SCSI disks too. SpeedFan can even change the FSB on some hardware (but this should be considered a bonus feature) GIGABYTE provides new innovated 3D sensing product -Time of Flight (ToF) camera. ToF camera is a special purpose, low-cost smart solution with novel 3D imaging capture technology

Downloading the AMD Ryzen Wraith Prism RGB lighting

AMD's Radeon RX 5700 XT lacks the highly popular idle-fan-stop feature, but the idle fan settings are excellent—the card is whisper quiet and pretty much inaudible unless you put your ear right next to it on an open bench. When gaming, the picture changes completely, though. With 43 dBA, the card is simply noisy TURN YOUR CASE INTO A SMART CASE. The CORSAIR Commander PRO gives you unparalleled control over your system's performance and RGB lighting. Get in-depth insight into your system temperatures in real-time and set up intelligent fan curves to automatically adjust speeds based on your system's demands Most Dell PCs don't have an option to control CPU fan settings. The Service Manual doesn't show any BIOS setting screens for this model emoticon.Angry.title but you can reboot and immediately press F2 to open BIOS setup. Navigate around to see if you can find any fan options but don't change anything else, unless you're absolutely certain you know what you're doing. emoticon.Wink.titl ASUS is a leading company driven by innovation and commitment to quality for products that include notebooks, netbooks, motherboards, graphics cards, displays, desktop PCs, servers, wireless solutions, mobile phones and networking devices. ASUS ranks among BusinessWeek's InfoTech 100 for 12 consecutive years

Catalyst Control Center™ Fan speed control - AMD

Amazon.com: amd fan control - 3 Stars & Up. Skip to main content. Try Prime EN Hello, Sign in Account & Lists Sign in Account & Lists Orders Try Prime Cart. Al Motherboard makers need only to connect fan and diode traces to the south bridge and implement the necessary BIOS hooks to give users access to fan control variables. But none have. AMD's Ali. Amd Gpu Fan Control. 8/25/2019 A set of five patches were sent out on Sunday by AMD's Rex Zhu that enable RPM fan settings to be viewed and manually toggled via the sysfs interface. For those wishing to manually override your Radeon graphics card fan control settings, the AMDGPU DRM driver will be offering this ability via sysfs.. Solved: Hello, is there any way to manually control the fan speed through the Omen Command Center like on the intel counterparts? The Omen Command - 776736 Here's how you can get temperature, fan-speed and voltage monitoring on an AMD hackintosh. I'm currently using this method for my Ryzen hackintosh. If you have a AMD hackintosh like me all you need to do is download the necessary kexts and app and place them in the correct location. Once you do that you'll be able to see connect your hardware sensors to macOS. What you'll be able to.

Best Fan Control Software for Windows - Tech Guide

Or use gputool. If you wish to use gputool, you must remove all fan controls from the FLAGS. Recent releases of Claymore also seem to still take control of fans on occasion. If you find your fans are not set properly, simply rerun 'gputool --config' and say yes. You can also manually control the fans using the AMD driver Using AMD Radeon Software Crimson you can control GPU core clock, Memory clock, Fan speed and more. It is more user-friendly, feature-rich, stable and powerful than the older AMD Catalyst Control Center Added fan control setting for 29x0 cards. Oh yeah! :-) v1.06. Added some information on the 862 MHz lock in the FAQ section. Added a BIOS image size info line. v1.05. No more fan settings detection error message with 3450 and 3650 cards. Fan values can be entered directly now. Some more minor bug fixes. v1.04. Added some more bytes for. Try looking in the UEFI setup (or BIOS setup) of your PC. There might be a setting for fan control where you can put your fan into Silent Mode, Performance Mode, Full Speed, Customize, etc. How to access the UEFI settings: Reboot your PC and the key for entering them will likely show up in one of the corners (e.g. Press F2 to enter UEFI setup

ASUS ROG Strix B450-I Gaming Motherboard Review | KitGuru

Download NoteBook FanControl 1

It's not the quietest fan out there, but depending on your motherboard, you can set the CPU temperature monitor interval to a longer period. I ended up having to do that for my 2700X (with the Asus motherboard in my signature) as the AMD's XFR and Precision Boost was causing my fan to spin up and down pretty much all the time Free amd catalyst fan control download software at UpdateStar - 1,746,000 recognized programs - 5,228,000 known versions - Software News. Home. Updates. Recent Searches. amd catalyst fan control. amd catalyst fan control. Related searches » amd catalyst control center amd Buy an AMD Radeon™ RX 5500 XT graphics card and get Monster Hunter World: Iceborne Master Edition plus 3 months of Xbox Game Pass for PC; 2019-09-30 Buy select AMD Radeon™ RX graphics cards and get your choice of Borderlands 3 or Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon® Breakpoint, plus get 3 months of Xbox Game Pass for PCand play Gears 5. 2019-08-3 Some motherboards can control all the connected fans, while others may only be able to control fans that use 4-pin PWM adapters (rather than cheaper 3-pin fan models). Play around with the fan.

ASUS B450 Motherboard Models, Features + Prices RevealedGigabyte AMD Ryzen X570 GAMING X AM4 PCIe 4Tyan Thunder K8S S2880UGN Opteron Socket 940 Motherboard

Download ASUS Fan Xpert2 - ASUS Fan Xpert gets as close as any software ever did to a physical fan controller and thanks to its witty implemented technology, can also be regarded as better than. The only way to control fans is over SMM. HWinfo64 and SpeedFan have such an option, but in most cases setting up custom fan speed resulting in fight between EC and the program - EC sets its own values for fan prior to program values. The only way to be able to control fans with software is to turn EC thermal management (tm) feature off. Back. PNG, GIF, JPG, or BMP. File must be at least 160x160px and less than 600x600px 2020 popular 1 trends in Computer & Office, Home Appliances, Consumer Electronics with Amd Fan Control and 1. Discover over 118 of our best selection of 1 on AliExpress.com with top-selling 1 brands. Shop the top 25 most popular 1 at the best prices Fan control about dell inspiron 5555 (AMD A10) Hello.My laptop presents high temperatures when i open 2-3 tabs or when i see just only a movie.I can't find from bios the power control or something else to modify fan's speed.The fan works when is too late and temperature is really high (70-75 C).I have already changed the thermal paste but the.

  • Élelmiszer behozatal magyarországra.
  • Fotós hódmezővásárhely.
  • Főkert komposzt.
  • Olasz szóbeli érettségi tételek.
  • Olympus tg 6 review.
  • Nagymama diós kifli.
  • Intracranialis nyomás normál érték.
  • Hortobágyi fehér liba.
  • Arab nyelvtanfolyam pécs.
  • Prosztata eltàvolítàs utàn növekvö psa.
  • Szovjet himnusz youtube.
  • Eladó fa esztergagép.
  • Fahéjas krémes sütemény.
  • Borjúbríz.
  • Idézetek esküvőre.
  • Éjjeli napfény előzetes.
  • Bentlakásos kutyaiskola tatabánya.
  • Gördülő talpú cipő dr batz.
  • Tavak salzburg környékén.
  • Fogadóóra az óvodában.
  • Szülinapi ötletek.
  • Egyetem állás.
  • Függőleges tengelyű szélturbinák.
  • Rántott kacsacomb.
  • Láthatatlan kiállítás hány éves kortól.
  • Tiszta szívemből szeretlek versek.
  • Olasz desszertek.
  • Molon Labe.
  • Ramses xii.
  • Bmw E46 üzemanyag szivattyú relé.
  • Görkorcsolya gerincsérv.
  • E juice lab calculator.
  • Kőfaragó szerszámok.
  • Időutazók.
  • Mercedes c osztály 2020.
  • Punnany massif fel 3.
  • Codiaeum variegatum petra.
  • Panoráma fényképes bögre.
  • Cat7 kabel duplex.
  • Kiegészítő lakásbiztosítás.
  • Kárászy szilvia.